[Observation] STEAM teaching and learning

April 04, 2017 12:03 PM / Topics: About G Yakman, Articles, International, STEAM Education

By Joe Feng-day / Capital Normal University Department of Educational Technology

Published Article in Chinese: http://www.cnstedu.cn/cms/contentmanager.do?method=view&pageid=view&id=cms0d2422d088e14

Full Translation of Article Below:

STEM is an acronym for science, technology, engineering and mathematics. “It is designed to enable students to participate in learning based on activities, projects and problem solving. It provides a hands-on classroom experience where students learn mathematics and Scientific knowledge to deal with the major challenges of the world when they create, design, construct, discover, cooperate and solve problems. “[1] STEAM education founder Georgette Yakman believes that the original STEM education only concerned about the project itself (what and how to do ), While ignoring the concern for the person itself and the background (who does and why), so STEM in the breadth and depth of interdisciplinary knowledge there are still some limitations, and in the teaching process of the lack of certain fun Sexual, artistic and artistic. Therefore, she will art (Arts) and STEM organic integration, and in 2006 put forward the concept of STEAM education. Yakman’s art (Arts) refers not only to what we usually call art (music, art, etc.), but one contains the humanities (art, aesthetics, music, drama), physiology and social sciences (anthropology, Philosophy, etc.) of the concept. As a result, she classifies STEAM into nine major themes: Social Studies, Science, Mathematics, Language Arts, Technology, Engineering, Music, Fine Arts, and Physical Education.

Figure 1 STEAM icon

Yakman held a series of STEAM lectures at the 79th Annual Conference on International Technology and Engineering Education Association (ITEEA) from March 15 to 18, 2017, , From the STEAM on the cultivation of students’ ability, how to effectively carry out STEAM teaching and evaluation and other important issues in-depth and practical explanation.
The future of the community more need to have the ability to integrate innovation, resource utilization, sensitive market awareness, understand the industrial production, with leadership talent. Therefore, future education will focus more on the ability of students to find problems, the ability to innovate imagination, the ability to create hands, the ability to integrate resources, the ability to communicate and coordinate the capacity of industrial production.

Yakman believes that STEAM education will develop students’ abilities from a variety of perspectives.

  • The combination of application skills and art design can improve students ‘attention to technology and aesthetics, and cultivate students’ awareness of industrial production.
  • By writing stories, context settings and other methods, can greatly active classroom atmosphere, to promote the enthusiasm of students to learn and hands-on practical ability, and then stimulate them to find problems, solve the problem.
  • broaden and extend the breadth and depth of interdisciplinary teaching, can greatly improve the students’ ability to integrate resources.
  • can promote the balanced development of students around the brain, a high IQ, high intelligence business talent.

STEAM teaching and STEM, like the project to carry out the form. The Yakman design of the STEAM project consists of six links, namely “problem statement”, “brainstorming, generating a program”, “selecting a viable option”, “performing a program”, “testing evaluation”, “redefining a problem, iteration” until the problem is solved properly.

Figure 2 STEAM project “explore the relationship between musical instruments and physical structure”

In the implementation of specific courses, STEAM teaching teachers need to have a strong comprehensive ability, which will inevitably lead to lack of teachers. In this regard, Yakman suggested that the organization of different subject background teachers, teaching the same STEAM project with different teaching links, when students encounter the discipline of professional issues, you can find the corresponding disciplines of professional teachers to ask. This can greatly reduce the STEAM teaching requirements for all-round teachers, reduce the burden of teachers. At the same time, students can get more professional answers and guidance. Take STEAM Project as an Example to Explore the Relationship between Instrumental Pronunciation and Physical Structure. First, a team of teachers composed of music and physics teachers. Then, the music teacher from the development of musical instruments to explore the history, notes, sound and other music-related knowledge to start, and then the instrument and other disciplines at the intersection between enumerated, causing students to think. Next, the physics teacher combined with the instrument, together with the students to explore the relationship between the pronunciation of the instrument and the physical structure.
STEAM follows the developmental evaluation concept, and combines the various indexes of process evaluation, works evaluation, comprehensive activity evaluation and summary evaluation so that teachers’ guiding role and student’s main role can be combined. In the STEAM evaluation, Yakman believes that both students and teachers can be evaluated.

  • for the evaluation of students, pay attention to the students of the process of evaluation, rather than the results of evaluation. This kind of process evaluation mainly takes two ways: classroom evaluation – design a series of classroom records, such as data records, engineering reports, etc., these tables from a number of dimensions of students in the classroom learning process performance; Activity evaluation – to carry out some extracurricular activities, such as the Museum held in the Museum of Science Day, by participating in these activities show to assess the students’ learning outcomes.
  • For teachers’ evaluation, a specially designed project teaching record will also be used to assess the development and implementation of STEAM projects by teachers in the classroom. Thus, teachers can make teaching on the continuous reflection, optimization and promotion.

STEAM concept has been widely accepted by our basic education workers, but how to carry out STEAM specific teaching activities, and how to effectively evaluate the STEAM teaching and many other issues remain to be resolved. Yakman, with his many years of STEAM theory and first-line teaching experience, gives us inspiration, from which we will be more in-depth understanding of science, engineering, technology, mathematics is how to organically combined with the humanities to cultivate the core development of Chinese students.

REFERENCES [1] Project Lead The Way. https://www.pltw.org/our-programs

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